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 Main Influences on Old English

 

Celtic Influence

 

  •  The number of Celtic loanwords is of a remarkably lower order than
      either Latin or Scandinavian
 

      Celtic influence is mainly seen in place-names in England: Arden,    Avon, Exe, Leeds, and Severn

 

         There are hundreds of compound names which contain a Celtic component

 

      These include features of the landscape, such as cumb/comb 'deep valley'

 

         dun 'hill fort'

 

         lin `lake'

 

         several words for 'hill' torr, pen, crug, bre

 

   The Celtic element is italicized in the following selection: Berkshire, Bray, Bredon, Cambridge, Carlisle, Cirencester, Doncaster, Gloucester, Ilfracombe, Lancaster, Leicester, Lincoln, Malvern, Manchester, Penkridge, Penzance, Wiltshire, Winchester, Worcester

 

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MAIN INFLUENCES ON OLD ENGLISH

  Multiple Influences on Old English

  Latin Influence

  Latin Words from Continental Period

  Latin Words from c. 650 - c. 1000

  Scandinavian Influence

  Scandinavian Place- and Family Names

 

  Celtic Influence

 

OLD ENGLISH

  The Origins of Old English

  Main Influences on Old English

  The Lord's Prayer in Old English

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