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Middle English Subperiods

 

1204-1348 Rise of English

 
  • King John (John Lackland) (r. 1199-1216) 

  • As the result of the loss of Normandy in 1204, the English nobility lost their estates in France. Many Norman landholders chose to stay in England, spoke Anglo-French dialect

  • Barons revolt against John, Magna Carta (1215), origins and development of Parliament

  • Henry III (r. 1216-1272), son of John, was a "Francophile", many Frenchmen were given official positions

  • A growing spirit of nationalism within England showed itself in the outburst against foreign favourites at the court of Henry III

  • Edward I (r. 1272-1307), son of Henry III, conquered Wales and waged war with Scotland

  • Gradual decline of French cultural dominance in England

  • Rise in use of English, smoothing out of dialectal differences, beginning of standard English based on London dialect

  • Crusades and pilgrimages contributed to increase in communication and formation of common language

 

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MIDDLE ENGLISH SUBPERIODS

  1066-1204 Decline of English

  1204-1348 Rise of English

  1348-1509 Dominance of English

MIDDLE ENGLISH

  Middle English Subperiods

  French vs. English

  Geoffrey Chaucer

  Emerging Standard

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