BEOWULF SHAKESPEARE AMERICAN ENGLISH PLAIN ENGLISH BEST ESSAYS

AND ALL THAT

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Emerging Standard

 

 

Chief Standardizing Forces

 
 
  • There was a growing psycholinguistic sense of communicative difficulty because of the wide range of variant forms that one word could have (e.g. flower: flower, flowr, flour, floor, flouer)
 
  • English became the language of the nation, eclipsing French and Latin
 
  • People increasingly relied on English to perform the range of functions previously carried out by French and Latin
 
  • Chancery may have speeded up the process of standardization
 
  • The Bible translations initiated by John Wycliffe was also a factor
 
  • The work of Chaucer achieved wide popularity and circulation to be counted as a factor
 
  • The Bible translations initiated by John Wycliffe and the work of Chaucer have been called “incipient standards”: they were characterised by internal consistency in usage and enjoyed widespread dissemination

 
  • There is clear evidence that these works were being read outside of their place of origin – by large numbers of people in all kinds of places

 
  • Chaucer and the Bible were additional influences promoting a climate in which people became increasingly familiar with supra-local texts

 
  • Ultimately, however, it was the influence of the capital city that proved critical in the emergence of a standard because of London's economic importance
 

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EMERGING STANDARD

  Middle English Dialects

  A Wide Range of Variant Forms

  "Organic" Rise of Standard

  Chief Standardizing Forces

  The Role of Chancery Standard

  The Rise of the East Midlands Dialect

  The Basis of Standard English

MIDDLE ENGLISH

  Middle English Subperiods

  French vs. English

  Geoffrey Chaucer

  Emerging Standard

  More

 

 
 
 
 

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