BEOWULF SHAKESPEARE AMERICAN ENGLISH PLAIN ENGLISH BEST ESSAYS

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Emerging Standard

 

 

"Organic" Rise of Standard

 
 
  • A standard language was not planned or institutionalized
 
  • There was no government intervention; no official bodies were established to implement a policy of standardization
 
  • There was not even a long-standing body of English classical literature to look back to
 
  • Old English was a foreign language to most people by the 15th century
 
  • Chaucer's writing had yet to achieve classical status
 
  • English translation of the Bible (pioneered by Wycliffe in the 1380s)had hardly begun
 
  • The south-east, and in particular the triangular area with focal points in London, Oxford, and Cambridge, had become a region of special influence
 
  • The speech of the south-east began to be associated with the worlds of courtly culture, commerce, and learning
 
  • It was perceived as a more polished, elegant, and more desirable medium of communication than the other regional varieties
 

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EMERGING STANDARD

  Middle English Dialects

  A Wide Range of Variant Forms

  "Organic" Rise of Standard

  Chief Standardizing Forces

  The Role of Chancery Standard

  The Rise of the East Midlands Dialect

  The Basis of Standard English

MIDDLE ENGLISH

  Middle English Subperiods

  French vs. English

  Geoffrey Chaucer

  Emerging Standard

  More

 

 
 
 
 

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