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French vs. English

 

 

The Linguistic Situation of Triglossia

 
 
  • Three languages performed different social functions
 
  • English was a 'low-level' language
 
  • French and Latin were used for different 'high-level' purposes
 
  • To educated English people English would have been their mother tongue
 
  • They would have learned Latin as the required language of the Church, the Roman Classics, most scholarship, and some politico-legal matters
 
  • They would have found French essential both for routine administrative communication within Britain and in order to be considered fashionable throughout Western European society
 
  • Eventually England would become a diglossic community, as French died out, with Latin maintained as the medium of education and the Church and English as the everyday language
 
  • Later still, the country would become monoglossic or monolingual, after English had been equipped with the linguistic resources to perform the functions of Latin and French
 

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FRENCH VS. ENGLISH

  Factors Favouring English

  Constraints on the Use of French

  The Situation of Triglossia

  The French Legacy

  Hybrid Anglo-French Forms

  French Loans in Chaucer

  The Impact of Latin

  Combined Impact of French and Latin

  Lexical Alternatives

MIDDLE ENGLISH

  Middle English Subperiods

  French vs. English

  Geoffrey Chaucer

  Emerging Standard

  More

 

 
 
 
 

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